It was European settlers in America who began to take up smoking not as a religious activity, but a social and recreational one. They modeled smoking pipes after those of Native Americans, creating them out of the same kinds of natural materials as the Native Americans.
As new technologies emerged and more resources became available, makers began to manufacture smoking pipes that were made from other materials, such as metal and glass. Their shapes and designs evolved throughout the years, and eventually branched off from the basic pipe/tube shaped devices to take other forms. We know some of evolutions today as Sherlock pipes, spoon pipes, etc. Cigars and cigarettes also became popular for their sheer convenience. The plain old cylindrical pipe fell out of favor for decades.
However, in recent years, the pipe has made a comeback. Hardcore purists may tell you that this is the only true way to smoke. Pipes continue to made from a variety of materials, but glass, and wooden ones are the most popular in contemporary culture. There’s a lot to favor about pipe smoking. Pipes are often cheaper than other devices, particularly bongs and dab rigs. They’re also sleeker, smaller and less bulky. You can’t stick a bong in your pocket, but you can easily slide a pipe into your pocket. They’re discreet, convenient and easy to travel with. Even those who prefer bongs will often use pipes when they travel simply because they are so much more convenient.